Last updated on September 16, 2020
NWLC reports that Latinas who work full-time, year-round jobs and also have a bachelor’s degree generally only earn about $52,037 per year. A White, non-Hispanic man with only an associate’s degree, on the other hand, generally makes $54,620. This comparison offers a bleak perspective of the position that Latina women are in – that despite having more education, some Latina women still earn lower wages and must work longer to make the same amount of money. Black and Latina women who continue to work often have jobs that put them at high risk of contracting COVID-19, such as nursing assistants, home health aides, grocery store clerks, and child care providers for essential workers. For example, nearly one-third of nursing assistants and home health aides are Black women, according to an analysis by the Center for American Progress.
As explained in Motivations of Immigration, many women come to the United States for a better education, among other factors. The Institute for Women’s Policy Research explains the workings of organizations aimed to support the struggles of Latina immigrants. The IWPR states that growing organizations are currently providing English tutors and access to education.
We found this evidence despite our conservative analytic approach, which controlled for potential concurrent but unrelated trends that might affect preterm birth. In other words, we observed an increase in Latina preterm births over and above levels expected from preterm birth in the general population. We also controlled for cycles and trends specific to preterm births among Latina women that could induce spurious associations in a simple, before-and-after study design. The 2016 US presidential election appears to have been associated with an increase in preterm births among US Latina women. Anti-immigration policies have been proposed and enforced in the aftermath of the 2016 presidential election; future research should evaluate the association of these actions with population health.
The pattern of job losses by age in the COVID-19 recession is generally consistent with the pattern in the Great Recession and in previous recessions. In a Pew Research Center survey conducted April 29-May 5 young adults ages 18 to 29 were also more likely than older Americans to say that they have lost a job or taken a pay cut because of the coronavirus outbreak.
Additionally, the Latina population is increasingly becoming “primary wage earners and influencers” in the modern Hispanic United States Household. Latinx cultural values can trigger mental health issues in the lives of Latinx women and cause them to underutilize mental health services as compared to the general population. About one in four Latina teenagers have thought about committing suicide, a rate higher than Latino teenage counterparts, according to Salud America! 6 These rates are not only due to racial and gender discrimination, but are also a result of Latinx cultural values such familisimo and marianismo7. Familisimo, although it emphasizes a strong family unit, can inhibit Latina teenagers from embracing their own unique independent identity8.
In the Great Recession, immigrants lost jobs at a slightly slower pace than U.S.-born workers. Hispanic women have experienced a steeper decline in employment (‑21%) in the COVID-19 downturn than other women or men.
In 2018, Hispanic Americans were 1.2 times more likely to be obese than non-Hispanic whites. For the past three plus years, I’ve studied how idividuals successfully pivot in their careers.
Since 1970, BLACK ENTERPRISE has provided essential business information and advice to professionals, corporate executives, entrepreneurs, and decision makers. https://vuprom.com/latina-girls-can-be-fun-for-all/ Yes, this scenario has reared its ugly head previously when another white woman, Rachel Dolezal, who was a white race activist who claimed to be a Black woman.
The event also aims to provide important resources — from information on the U.S. census to mental health experts that can help Latina mothers talk with their children about topics such as school violence and immigration. Last year’s Mujeres Latinas Expo drew hundreds of business owners and entrepreneurs. The expo aims to both bolster existing Latina-owned businesses as well as inspire and equip others with the right resources and knowledge.
Science And Engineering Bachelor’S Degrees Earned By Hispanic Women, By Field: 1995
Gonzalez grew up with two cultures with her native-Minnesotan father and mother who immigrated from Mexico. She has been working on her master’s degree in public health, while at the same time working full time at Blue Cross Blue Shield of Minnesota.
Regardless of their level of education, white men benefit from approximately similar wage premiums—just above 20 percent. Alternatively, Hispanic women who receive a high school diploma experience a wage gap that is about 10 log points lower than Hispanic women who dropped out before graduating high school. In contrast, the benefit of some college is marginal in closing the wage gap, and the benefits of a bachelor’s degree are even smaller. In log points, the aggregation of the Hispanic woman penalty and the white man premium is equivalent to the total white-men-to-Hispanic-women gap, and their relative magnitudes can be used to calculate the percentage point contribution of each component to the aggregate gap.
Collective bargaining agreements also mimic pay transparency by clearly defining pay scales for different positions.26 As such, pay gaps are lower for union workers. Similarly, banning salary history helps eliminate outright wage discrimination by preventing workers from carrying around lower wages as they change jobs. If a worker is underpaid in one job, and their next job bases their new salary on previous salary, then workers who are more likely to face discriminatory pay at any given employment may face the cumulative effects of this discrimination throughout their careers. Both collective bargaining and banning salary history seek to balance information asymmetries that benefit employers.
María Jesús Alvarado Rivera was a journalist, teacher, and activist from Chincha, Peru. She is regarded as the “first modern champion of women’s rights in Peru” and spent her life committed to empowering women through establishing and expanding educational programs, access to work and political representation. Her essay “El Feminismo” was the first revolutionary essay of the twentieth century in Peru, and her lectures are regarded as one of the first examples of public feminist discourse in Peru.
Something that could help is a minimum wage increase, which would benefit a large amount of Latina workers. The Economic Policy Institute estimates that if the minimum wage were increased to $12 per hour by 2020 – a proposal introduced in Congress that lawmakers ultimately didn’t take up – then more than 35 million workers would receive a raise. The majority of those workers are women, 4.2 million are Latinas, and over 38 percent of Latinos who would benefit are parents. Although a minimum wage hike wouldn’t fully solve the problem, it is a step in the right direction.
Learn more about the history of Hispanic Latinx Heritage Month and how to celebrate it. Rita Moreno is a Puerto Rican performer whose career began at age 11 dubbing Spanish language versions of films in the United States. She made her Broadway debut just before turning 14 and went on to star in numerous films and television shows, despite having to fight the stereotypes that followed Hispanic and Latina talent. You may have seen her most recently in the remake of the television series One Day at a Time.
Donors of the H100 Latina Giving Circle is open to anyone who has a desire to join a legacy of philanthropy that creates positive change by investing in the lives of Latina women and girls. Donors of the H100 Latina Giving Circle have the opportunity to give, connect and participate in the grant making process with a range of opportunities to review, vet and vote on a selection of grantees. From , Hispanic children were 1.8 times more likely to be obese as compared to non-Hispanic white children.
Her activism and contributions are frequently labeled as “radical” and used as an excuse to discredit and undermine the importance of her works. Born in Mexico City, raised in Irapuato and Minnesota, she joined her father in Minnesota years after he left their town looking for a better future for his family. Family separation, border consciousness and transnational economy shaped Emilia to become an immigration activist, intersectional feminist and advocate for human rights. Emilia is alumna of the Hubert H. Humphrey Public Policy Fellows Program, the Roy Wilkins Community Fellows and Emerging Leader Fellow with America Votes.